Ready or not, we have entered the holiday season. Christmas music serves as the soundtrack for every store, and every store is draped with garlands and tiny lights, which blink over trees laden with decorations. This week, the season officially starts for Hollywood, which over the next five weeks will release its biggest movies of the year. Leading that list would be Star Wars: The Force Awakens and, uh, Star Wars: The Force Awakens. Just to add to the insanity for film critics, during those very same five weeks, the studios will release their best movies, the ones they plan to put up for Oscars. Several Oscar hopefuls will open for limited release in New York and Los Angeles, and then open here in January, so of youre looking for a title in this calendar and don't find it, keep your eyes open in 2016. (Image: "Miracle on 34th Street," 1994, Twentieth Century Fox)
The basic principle here is "The greatest happiness for the greatest number."
One historical example that is often reported is that of slavery. Slaves represented a minority in America, and the work they did was vital to the economy, especially in the South. For this reason, it has been argued that the benefit their labor provided white Americans outweighed the suffering they experienced. It was not until the thinking on this reversed that abolitionism gained ground as a movement.
A more current example is that of the death penalty. The death penalty is viewed by many to be a vital part of the justice system. In the case of a death sentence, a convicted murderer's suffering is outweighed by the preservation of justice.
You can also think of Homeland Security; it has been argued for years by many that the violations of personal liberties and civil rights brought on in the name of national security are worth it to prevent acts of terrorism. If we all have our phone calls monitored and our emails read, or if a few innocent people have to be detained without due process in order to be certain they aren't terrorists, some people say it's worth it if we all are kept safe.
In short, government action sometimes violates what some consider basic human rights: the right to life (death penalty), liberty (slavery), and the pursuit of happiness (slavery as well), and the Bill of Rights (Homeland Security) in order to promote what is calculated to be "the greatest good." The suffering of a few is a perfectly ethical exchange for the happiness of the many, according to utilitarianism.
Company Politics and Six Sigma by Peter Peterka
by: Peter Peterka
No grouping of human beings is without some amount of politics. Managing deployment of Six Sigma in your organization will unavoidably run into some personal issues and conflict. However, with deft handling of the personal and political issues that come up, along with patience and perseverance, your Six Sigma deployment will not get derailed.
Political factors that can affect a Six Sigma project include personal resistance to change, inflexible company policies, and incompatibility with existing organizational methods and goals. Not surprisingly, all of these factors also affect business processes of any kind. They are not unique to Six Sigma. This is one of Six Sigma's strengths: realistically acknowledging the way politics work in an organization. Six Sigma is not just number crunching. It understands the importance of and encourages the involvement of people throughout and at all levels of the organization working together toward a common goal. Six Sigma encourages planning, communication, and openness about processes, procedures, and information.
Many people see change, any change, as lossa loss of their power or a loss of the security of the old way of doing things. Thus, people are prone to defend the old way, out of habit and out of unease. They wonder how change will affect them and what exactly happens behind the scenes and if they don't know, become apprehensive. This is a problem that can be overcome through communication. Six Sigma successes require clear and open communication at all levels. Any change in an organization will meet some resistance, either intentional or just from inertia. When management can effectively communicate that it is behind that change and can communicate the positive aspects of the change, resistance and turf politics can be countered and overcome.
Another problem is people who disregard the value and power of Six Sigma and consequently, they are reluctant to support Six Sigma projects. To the uninitiated, Six Sigma may appear similar to or simply an evolution of other quality programs. There have been so many quality improvement fads over the years. It is not surprising that people are now a little jaded. Others may see Six Sigma as solely another cost-cutting or productivity enhancement fad. This is a short-sighted view. Six Sigma is neither a fad nor just another quality initiative. It is a way of life. It is a multi-level, cyclical movement toward continual process improvement. The quality improvement fads sell themselves as cheap and easy quick fixes. The reality is that there are no quick fixes to significant process improvement. Six Sigma understands that; it is not a simple quick process. However, the right Six Sigma training and information will help people to understand that Six Sigma is significantly different; it is a robust continuous improvement strategy and process.
Once projects are begun, Six Sigma projects can become a battle of wills for control over which strategy, approach, or tool is used. Team meetings can devolve into arguments over which measurement to use, how it will be calculated, which charts will be generated, whether to use DMAIC or DMADV, etc. Six Sigma is not about making things more difficult. It is about using common sense to make things easier. It is certainly about recognizing that there is more than one road to improvement and more than one right answer to a problem.
In overcoming political problems, the leadership of senior management is critical. Successful Six Sigma programs are built on a solid organizational foundation. The organizational structure and system needs to be clearly identified and communicated to the entire organization to successfully implement Six Sigma Quality. Becoming a Six Sigma organization doesn't just happen. Planning and training goes into setting up a successful Six Sigma organization. Employee roles and responsibilities must be established and clearly communicated to all. For many companies successful in Six Sigma, the key factor has been the direct involvement of their top leaders.
Six Sigma is about getting everyone involved. A Six Sigma project forms a team of people who work together to identify problems and develop solutions. Such teams are not isolated teams rearranging the world for everyone else to live in. These teams are serving the organization by employing the skills and tools they have learned to increase quality and reduce defects. Instilling the team concept along with expert training will go a long way toward solving potential political troubles in your organization.
About The Author
Peter Peterka is a Master Six Sigma Black Belt for Six Sigma us and has implemented Six Sigma in a variety of organizations. For additional information for Six Sigma Training and Six Sigma Consulting please contact Peter Peterka at http://www.6sigma.us/.
This article was posted on February 20, 2006
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